Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is based on the concept that our thoughts, feelings, physical sensations and actions are interconnected, and that negative thoughts and feelings can trap us in a vicious cycle. CBT aims to help people break this cycle.
Cognitive behavioural therapy can help people make sense of overwhelming problems by breaking them down into smaller parts. In CBT, problems can be broken down into five main areas: situations, thoughts, emotions, physical feelings and actions. CBT is based on the concept of these five areas being interconnected and affecting each other. For example, your thoughts about a certain situation can often affect how you feel both physically and emotionally, as well as how you act in response to this situation.
In my experience it can be helpful to look in detail at these five areas in the context of a person's life situation, emotional and other difficulties.
In my therapeutic practice, I tend to draw on cognitive behavioural theory and techniques if it feels helpful and promotes people's psychological health. However, I don't use cognitive behavioural therapy in its pure form. I have found it more enriching and fruitful to bring together various therapeutic approaches and techniques (CBT, Mentalization-based therapy, psychodynamic therapy) tailoring the therapy in response to the individual's needs.